Frederiksborg castle and baroque garden – a pearl of beauty in danish history

Frederiksborg Slot og Barok Have – en perle af skønhed i Danmarks historie.

Builded as a Hunting Seat by King Frederik 2 in 1560 and demolished by King Christian 4 and rebuild as Frederiksborg Castle 1602-25.

Opført som Jagtslot af Kong Frederik den 2 i 1560 og nedrevet af Kong Christian den 4 og genopført som Frederiksborg Slot 1602-25.

Text and photos Erik K Abrahamsen

Frederiksborg Castle and Baroque Garden. Castle builded by King Christian 4 1602-25 and Baroque Garden builded 1720-1725 by King Frederik 4, Architect J. C. Krieger. Photo: 24. may 2013 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Click on the photos and use your zoom control and you see them in full screen size.

Frederiksborg Castle is builded by King Christian 4 (1577-1648) in the most rich and powerful period 1602-25 of his 52 years reign from 1596 -1648. He was crowned in Copenhagen Cathedral “Vor Frue” only 19 years old in 1596 as King of Denmark – Norway and Duke of Slesvig, Holsten and Gottorp. From the danish-swedish Kalmar War (1611-13) peace agreement with Sweden in 1613  until his military defeat at Lutter am Barenberg i Nothern Germany in 1626 and the peace in Lubeck 1629 King Christian 4 was the richest king in Nothern Europe. He received enormous taxes “Øresundtolden” from commercial ships passing through the danish belt Øresund into the Baltic Sea. He was Maecenas of European art, music and architects and builded castles, fortress, churches, founded cities and buildings for trade in Denmark, Norway, Balticum, Holsten and Slesvig:

In Copenhagen:

Børsen(1619-25), Regensen (1618-28), Trinitatis Church (1637-56) with university library, Rundetårn (1642) with scientific astronomic observatory, Rosenborg Castle (1634), City of Christianshavn (1618) with canals, Naval houses Nyboder (1630-36), Holmens Church (1619),

In Hillerød: Frederiksborg Castle 1602-25

In Elsinore (Helsingør): Kronborg Castle (renewed)

Founded commercial cities some of them builded as fortress:

Norway: Kristiania (Oslo) 1624 and Kristiansand 1641

Skåne:  Kristianopel 1599 and Kristianstad 1614

Holsten: Glückstadt 1617

 

 Frederiksborg Castle, Hillerød, North Zealand, Denmark:

Frederiksborg Castle builded 1602-25 by King Christian 4. Photo: 24. may 2013 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Entrance to Frederiksborg Castle. At left in the background you can see The Baroque Garden. Photo: 23. may 2013 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Palace outer yard of Frederiksborg Castle with Gate Tower and Neptune fountain:

 

Palace outer yard of Frederiksborg Castle, Hillerød. Gate tower and the Neptune fountain in the midle of the yard. The fountain is a copy of the original from 1620 by Adriaen de Vries. Photo 24. may by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Neptune Fountain by Adriaen de Vries 1620:

 

Neptune fountain. Copy from original fountain by Adriaen de Vries from 1620. Frederiksborg Castle. In the background: at left The Chapel (Slotskirken) and at 2nd floor The great Hall (Riddersalen) and at right entrance to inner yard and The Kings Section with 4 floors of Frederiksborg Castle. Photo: 24. may 2013 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Baroque garden to Frederiksborg Castle:

Constructed by King Frederik 4 1720-25. Architect J. C. Krieger.

Baroque garden, view from third plateau in direction Frederiksborg Castle. Photo: 24. may 2013 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

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Baroque Garden, view from second plateau in direction to Frederiksborg castle. Photo: 23. may 2013 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Baroque Garden. View from first plateau in direction Frederiksborg Castle. Photo: 24. may 2013 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Baroque garden. View to ground plateau in direction Frederiksborg Garden. Photo: 24. may 2013 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Baroque Garden. View from below at the lake of Frederiksborg Garden. From here you can see all the four plateau´s with the lake at top. Photo: 24. may 2013 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Model of baroque Garden in front. Frederiksborg Garden. Photo: 24. may 2013 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

View to Frederiksborg Castle from Baroque Garden. Photo: 24 may 2013 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Links:

Det nationalhistoriske Museum, Frederiksborg Slot, 3400 Hillerød dnm.dk

 

Futher readings:

Read my article about King Christian 4 reign:

” Experience Copenhagen – 1000 years of history on walk. The era of King Christian 4. Tour 3.”

You can find the article on this homesite  Danculture.dk in category History.

 

In danish languish I have written this article:

“Oplev Københavns 1000 års historie på gåtur. Tur 3: Fra optur til nedtur – Kong Christian 4´æra”.

Go to my second homepage tvndk.wordpress.com Erik K Abrahamsen blog.

Search: “tur 3”.

 

An short article about the war between Denmark and Sweden 1657-60 and King Frederik 2 (1559-88), who rebuilded Kronborg Castle 1574-84 I have written in danish languish in my homepage tvndk.wordpress.com Erik K Abrahamsen blog:

Search: “ramparts of Kronborg Castle, Elsinore”.

Map of Frederiksborg  Baroque Garden:

Map of Frederiksborg Baroque Garden.Foto: 24. may 2013

 

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Map of Frederiksborg  Castle Garden with Baroque Garden:

Constructed by Frederik 4 1720-25. Architect J. C. Krieger.

Map of Frederiksborg Castle Garden with Baroque Garden. Foto: 24. may 2013

 

Close up of Map of Frederiksborg Castle Garden with Baroque Garden:

Map of Frederiksborg Castle Garden with Baroque Garden. Photo: 24. may 2013

 Links:

visitnorthsealand.com

TheDanishRiviera.com

 

 

Text and photo Copyright 2013 by Erik K Abrahamsen

All rights reserved

 

Melby, North Zealand, Denmark 27. may 2013

With love

Erik

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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