Coast protection in North Sealand, Denmark – Hornbaek Plantation Beach, Aalsgaarde Beach, Hellebaek Beach and Julebaek Beach

Kystsikring i Nordsjælland – Hornbæk Plantage Strand, Ålsgårde Strand, Hellebæk Strand og Julebæk Strand.

 

Tekst og foto’s Erik K Abrahamsen

 

View to Kronborg Castle, Elsinore, North Coast of Sealand, Denmark:

 

Hellebaek Beach. Coast protection in North Sealand, Denmark. View in direction east to Kronborg Castle in Elsinore and the Swedish town Helsingborg in the horizon. Photo 18. september 2014 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

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The stretch of coast in Denmark is 7300 km.

The coast has been formed by huge Scandinavian glaciers some 10-15.000 years ago. When the glaciers melted the subsurface raised and what is Denmark today with island, fjords, lakes, rivers and peninsula Jutland were formed in Danish Stone age, Bronze Age and Iron Age.

The Danish coastline is dominated by big sands beaches with dunes, cliffs, meadows, slopes of various highs.

To protect the coastline and the buildings close to the beaches the Danish State and the local authorities have in centuries builded dikes and installations of big granite stones on the beaches.

 

The coast protection in Denmark uses 5 components:

 

1. Breakwaters of big granite stones close to coastline,

2. Big granite stones placed at the foot of slopes and cliffs at the beaches,

3. Dikes,

4. Fill up the beaches with extra sand,

5. Cultivate the sandhills at the beaches.

 

Map of North Sealand, Denmark:

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Map of North Sealand, Denmark. Photo august 2013 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

The 5.-6. december 2013 all Denmark were hit by a big storm called BODIL.  

The storm hit the coastline of North Sealand with  a 2-3 meter high storm surge under high water and with 4-5 meter waves and caused big damages on beaches, sluffs, slopes, houses, harbours and technical installations.

 

In this article I will show you the coast protection of the danish beaches in North Sealand between Hornbaek and Elsinore:

 

The coast protection at western part of Hornbaek Plantation Beach, North Sealand:

Fill up the beaches with extra sand:

 

Hornbaek Plantation Beach, western part. Coast protection with extra sand on the beaches. Photo in direction west to Hornbaek Harbour, North Sealand. Photo 18. september 2014 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Map of Hornbaek Plantation:

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Map of Hornbaek Plantation, Nort Sealand, Denmark. Photo 18. september 2014 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Hornbaek Plantation Beach – western part:

 

Western part of Hornbaek Plantation Beach filled up with exstra sand. Photo in direct east to Kattegat and Sweden in the horizon 18. september 2014 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Hornbaek Plantation Beach – view to Kattegat and cliff Kullen in Sweden:

 

Hornbaek Plantation Beach, western part - view in direction north to Kattegat and the cliff Kullen in Sweden. Photo 18. september 2014 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

The responsibility of coast protection in Denmark is a coordination between the state, the regions, local authorities and private owners of houses, estates and nature- and culturals organizations.

In the easter side of Hornbaek Plantation Beach the local authorities have NOT filled up the beaches with extra sand and the beaches are dominated of small stones:

 

Easter Part of Hornbaek Plantation Beach – Hornbaek-batterierne with concrete artillery bases from 2. World War 1940-45:

 

Hornbaek- batterierne - concrete bases of artillery from 2. World War 1940-45. The east part of Hornbaek Plantation Beach in North Sealand. Photo in direction east to Kattegat 18. september 2014 by Erik k Abrahamsen

 

Easter part of Hornbaek Plantation Beach:

The waves have swept the sand on the beach into Kattegat Sea and from here the water streams settle the sand in eastern direction on big underwater sand banks in Kattegat and at the entrance to Øresund close to Elsinore.

 

Hornbaek Plantation Beach - eastern part. The wawes have swept the sand on the beach into the Kattegat Sea and here the stream in easter direction settle the sand on big underwater sandbanks in Kattegat and at the entrance in Øresund close to Helsingør. Photo in direction west to Hornbaek Harbour 18. september 2014 by Erik K Abrahamsen

When the storm Bodil hit the coastline at North Sealand on 5.-6. december 2013 several meter of slopes were swept with trees, paths  and benches into the Kattegat Sea:

Easternpart of Hornbaek Plantation Beach:

 

Easter part of Hornbaek Plantation Beach. 4 meters of coastline slope with trees and beeches swept into the sea by the Storm Bodil in december 2013 with 2-3 high storm slope under high water and with 4-5 meter high waves. Photo in direction east to Kattegat and Sweden in the horizon 18. september 2014 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Easter part of Hornbaek Plantation Beach:

 

Hornbaek Plantatation Beach - eastern part. Photo in direction north-west to Kattegat Sea 18. september 2014 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Hornbaek Plantation Beach, easter part – view in direction northeast to Kattegat Sea and Sweden:

 

Hornbaek Plantation Beach - easter part. Photo in direction Kattegat Sea and Sweden 18. september 2014 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

From Hornbaek Plantation I drive on Nordre Strandvej (Road nr. 237) in direction east to western part” Ellekilde” of Aalsgaarde Beach:

Coast protection of slopes with big granite stones:

 

Aalsgaarde Beach, western part "Ellekilde". Photo in direction east to road Nordre Strandvej (Road nr. 237). Coast protection with big granite stones on the foot of slopes. Photo 18. september 2014 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Coast protection on slopes with big granite stone Aalsgaarde Beach, easter part:

 

Aalsgaarde Beach, easter part. Coast protection with big granite stones on slopes. Photo in direction north-west to Kattegat the 18. september 2014 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Coast protection on Aalsgaarde Beach, easter part:

Big granite stones on slopes and breakwater close to coastline.

 

Aalsgaarde beach. Coast protection with big granite stones on slopes and breakwaters close to the coastline. Photo in direction east 18. september 2014 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Aalsgaarde Beach, easter part:

View in direction to Kattegat Sea from 20 meter high cliffs at the coastline.

 

Aalgaarde Beach, easter part. View from 20 meter high cliffs in direction north to Kattegat Sea and Sweden. Photo 28. september 2014 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Hellebaek Beach, North Sealand:

Coast protection with breakwater and a lot of sand on the beach.

 

Hellebaek Beach with breakwaters of big granite stones and a lot af sand on the beach. Photo in direction west 18. september 2014 by erik K Abrahamsen

 

Hellbaek Beach – coast protection with big granite stones on slopes and breakwaters:

 

Hellebaek Beach with coast protection with big granite stones on slopes and breakwaters. Photo in direction east to Kattegat and Helsingborg in Sweden 18. september 2014 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Hellebaek Beach – houses at Nordre Strandvej (Road nr. 237) close to the coastline of Kattegat Sea:

 

Hellebaek Beach. Houses at Nordre Strandvej (Road nr. 237) close to coastline of Kattegat Sea at left on picture. Photo in direction north 18. september 2014 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Hellebaek Beach – coast protection with granite stones on slopes and breakwaters:

 

Hellebaek Beach - view from parking area to coast protections med big granite stones on slopes and breakwaters. Photo in direction north-west to Kattegat Sea 18. september 2014 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Hellebaek Beach – coast protection with granite stones on slopes and breakwater.

View in direction to Kronborg Castle in Elsinore:

 

Hellebaek Beach. Coast protection with big granite stones of breakwaters and on slopes. View from parking area in direction east to Kronborg Castle, Elsinore 18. september 2014 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

I drive 1 km east on Nordre Strandvej (Road nr. 237) to Julebaek Beach, North Sealand:

 

Julebaek Beach. Coast protection with breakwaters and a lot of sand. Photo in direction east to Kronborg Castle in Elsinore and to Helsingborg in Sweden 18. september 2014 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

View from Julebaek Beach in direction east  to Kronborg Castle in Elsinore: 

 

Julebaek Beach. View in direction east to Kronborg Castle, Elsinore and to Helsingborg in Sweden 18. september 2014 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Map of North Sealand, Denmark:

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Map of North Sealand, Denmark. Photo 18. september 2014 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Text and photos Copyright by Erik K Abrahamsen 2014

All rights reserved

 

Links: kyst.dk – Danish Coastal Authority, The Danish Ministery of Environment (Kystdirektoratet, Miljøministeriet).

 

Summary. 

Coast protection in Denmark:

1. Breakwaters of big granite stones close to coastline,

2. Big granite stones placed at the foot of slopes and cliffs at the beaches,

3. Dikes,

4. Fill up the beaches with extra sand,

5. Cultivate the sandhills at the beaches.

As I mentioned in the beginning of this article Denmarks stretch of coast is 7300 km with coastlines with fjords, cliffs, slopes, meadows and to North Sea wide sand beaches with high dunes.

 

Examples with dikes, fill up with sand and cultivating the sandhills:

Dikes:

 

Coast protection. Dikes at the coastline of Kattegat Sea. At left the beach road between Melby and Hundested. Photo august 2014 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Fill up with extra sand:

 

Coast protection in Denmark. Fill up with sand. Hyllingebjerg Beach in North Sealand. Photo 2013 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Cultivating the sandhills:

 

All the coastline to the North Sea (Vesterhavet) at western part of Jutland from Esbjerg in south to Skagen in north  – all in all about 300 km – is a unique landscape of beauty shaped by sea, storm and sand through centuries:

 

North Sea (Vesterhavet), Denmark. The beach between Løkken and Blokhus in North Jutland. Photo in direction north to Løkken 12. july 2011 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

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Melby, North Sealand, Denmark 21. september 2014

Best greetings

Erik

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