Experience Denmark – 1000 years of History in Esrum Monastery, Esrum Moellegaard, Esrum Lake and Gribskov in North Sealand

 

 

Oplev Denmark – 1000 års historie i Esrum Kloster, Esrum Møllegård, Esrum Sø og Gribskov i Nordsjælland.

 

 

 

 

Text and photos Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

12. may 2016

 

 

Esrum Moellegaard, North Sealand. Esrum River flows i

Esrum Moellegaard, North Sealand. Millpond. Esrum River flows into and through the main building of flour production from grain. Click on photo and use your zoom control  and you see it in full screen size and text on right side disappear. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

In the Middle Age 1000-1400 A.C. all North Sealand is dominated of big forests, where the inhabitants lived by hunting, fishing and cultivating agricultural areas, where the forest had been cleared.

The population in all Denmark was about 700.000 inhabitants. Magnate men with castles and big properties ruled Denmark: Jutland, Funen, Sealand and Skaane, Halland and Blekinge together with a selected king and clergy of the Catholic Church.

In 1103 Lund in Skaane was established by danish king and the Pope in Rome as independent archbishopric to Denmark.

 

1151-53 Esrum Monastery was builded as a Cistercienser Monastery under Clairveaux Monastery in France.

Munks from France and Germany introduced new technology to Denmark and all Scandinavia:

 

water mills using waterpower from lakes and rivers,

bricks  and tiles to build houses, castles and palaces,

tools for cultivating farm land and agricultural products. 

 

Map of Gribskov, Esrum Sø, Esrum Møllegård and Esrum Kloster:

 

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Map of Esrum Lake, Gribskoc. Esrum Moellegaard and farm and Esrum Monastery. Scanned from

Map of Esrum Lake, Gribskov, Esrum Moellegaard and farm and Esrum Monastery. Scanned may 2016 from folder “Gribskov – Esrum Sø, Vandreture i Statsskovene nr. 69” udgivet af Skov- og Naturstyrelsen, Miljøministeriet, 2000. Thanks to Skov-og Naturstyren for using this folder.

 

 

Esrum River runs about 15 km north from Esrum Lake to Kattegat Sea. Esrum Lake is Denmark third biggest lake, 8 km long, 2 km wide and 10-20 meter deep. The water is clean with all kind of fish.

Esrum Lake is situated 9 meter above sea level.

The cistercienser monks builded Esrum Monastery close to Esrum River and to use the water power from the river they builded a Water Mill for flour production.

 

Esrum Møllegård – Esrum Watermill and farm:

 

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Esrum Mill and Farm - Esrum Møllegård. View in direction nort to Esrum Monaststery in background. Phoot 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

Esrum Mill and Farm – Esrum Møllegård. View in direction north to Esrum Monastery in background. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Esrum Møllegård – Esrum Watermill and farm:

The Watermill is builded 1605 by King Christian 4 (King of Denmark and Norway 1588-1648).

 

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Esrum Møllegård - Esrum Water Mill and farm.

Esrum Møllegård – Esrum Water Mill and farm. Builded about 1500 A.C. by King Christian 4. Water from Esrum River runs into and through the Water Mill building at left. Møllegård farm at right and in background Esrum Monastery. Photo 12 may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Esrum Watermill – Esrum Møllegård:

At right water from Esrum Lake runs into the mill and generate waterpower to mill wheel.

View to Milldam.

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Esrum Watermill. Phot in direction west 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

Esrum Watermill. At right the water from Esrum River – millpond runs into the mill and generate water power to mill wheel made by wood. Photo in direction west 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Inside Esrum Watermill – Esrum Møllegård:

Back right the water runs into the mill to mill wheel under the floor with a waterfall of about 3-4 meter. At left the water runs out of the mill house to a stream west of the mill.

 

Millwork in ground floor.

 

Esrum Wind

Esrum Mill – millwork in ground floor. Back right the water runs into the mill to mill wheel under the floor with a waterfall of about 3-4 meter. At left the water runs out of the mill house to a stream west of the mill. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Esrum Møllegård – Esrum Watermill and farm:

Millwork in ground floor.

 

Esrum Møllegård. Millwork at ground floor. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

Esrum Møllegård. Millwork at ground floor. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

View from ground floor of Esrum Mill  to mill stream running in direction west from the mill:

 

Esrum Mill. View from ground floor to stream running out of the mill. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.0

Esrum Mill – Esrum Møllegård. View from ground floor to mill stream running out of the mill. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Plate of history of Esrum Møllegård:

 

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Plate of history of Esrum Mill and farm. Phot in ground floor in

Plate of history of Esrum Mill and farm. Photo in ground floor in the mill 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Plate of millwork, Esrum Møllegård:

 

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Millwork of Esrum Møllegård. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

Millwork of Esrum Møllegård. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Millwork on first floor of Esrum Møllegård:

 

Millwork on Esrum Møllegård.

Millwork on Esrum Møllegård. A millstone is placed on floor. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Millwork on first floor of Esrum Møllegård:

 

Esrum Møllegård. Millwerk on first floor. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

Esrum Møllegård. Millwork on first floor. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Esrum Møllegård – millpond:

 

Millpond, Esrum Møllegård. View in direction west to Millhouse. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

Millpond, Esrum Møllegård. View in direction west to Millhouse. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Esrum Møllegård – millpond:

View in direction north to Esrum Monastery.

 

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Esrum Møllegåd, millpond. View in direction north to Esrum Monastery. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

Esrum Møllegåd – Esrum watermill and farm, millpond. View in direction north to Esrum Monastery. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Esrum Møllegård – Esrum Mill and Farm:

 

Esrum Møllegaard is a Center for Nature and Environment with exhibitions, environmental education and nature experiences, Ecological cafe and shop.

 

Esrum Mill and Farm- Esrum Møllegård. Photo in direction west 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

Esrum Mill and Farm- Esrum Møllegård. Photo in direction west 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Esrum Møllegård – Esrum Mill and Farm:

 

Esrum Møllegård - Esrum Mill and farm. Phoyo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

Esrum Møllegård – Esrum Mill and Farm. Photo in direction south from front of Esrum Monastery 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Esrum Monastery:

South wing of original “Økonomigård” builded 13-1450 A.C.

 

Esrum Monastery and Moellegaard is located 500 m north of Esrum lake and at the shore of Esrum River. The cisterciensermonk-monastery  Esrum Monastery was founded 1151 as daugter-monastery of Clairvaux, France.

The monks from France brought knowledge, the newest technical inventions and education to Denmark. They revolutionized house construction, agriculture, forestry and use of waterenergy from rivers and lakes. They used herbes in medicine and established hospitals and social care to the poor.

The monks worked and teached through the centuries until The danish Lutheran Reformation in 1536.

In 1559 the monastery is closed and is belongs to the Danish Monarchy under Kronborg Castle in Helsingoer. From now on its a stud farm and the kings place for hunting.

In 1660 started the demolition of The Monastery and the bricks was used for building of Kronborg Castle and Frederiksborg Castle in Hillerød. One third of all North Zealand had until the Reformation in 1536 been in Esrum Monastery´ s possession.

In 1536 the king Christian 3 after a year of civil war in Denmark annected all the property of Esrum Kloster and the period  “Kongernes Nordsjaelland” (“The kings Northsealand”) begun with building of exstraordinary beautifull castles and parks all over Northsealand by king Frederik 2 and king Christian 4 for residence, parties and hunting: Frederiksborg Castle, Elsinore Castle, Hoersholm Castle and Fredensborg Castle  and a lot of hunting houses.  All this area will in the future be part of the Nationalpark Kongernes Nordsjaelland ( National Park The Kings North Zealand).

Before the demolition Esrum Monastery was the biggest building in Scandinavia.

To day you can see what is saved, its mayby 1/10 of the original size. But still a big beautiful building which belongs to the east wing with the original rooms for eating and auditorium for the monks.

 

South wing of original “Økonomigård” builded 13-1450 A.C.

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Esrum Monastery. View in direction mort to original buildings of eastern monastery

Esrum Monastery. View in direction north to south wing original building of eastern monastery: “Økonomigård”. The western yard and the church had been situated left on photo. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Model of Esrum Monastery:

3 group of buildings:

North: The Church,

West: Fratergård- buildings for monks,

East: Økonomigård – buildings for daily living, diner, stores of needs, food and kitchen.

 

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Model of Esrum Monastery.

Model of Esrum Monastery. 3 groups of buildings: Church, Fratergård at left and Økonomigård at right. At right south wing of Økonomigård with existing building from 1300-1450. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Esrum Monastery:

South wing of original “Økonomigård” builded 13-1450 A.C.

 

Esrum Monastrry. Original south wing of eastern monastery : Økonimogård". The western part of this win

Esrum Monastery. Original south wing of eastern monastery “Økonomigård”: The western part of this wing builded late 1300 and eastern part builded 1450. West of the above building was until 1560 The Church and “Fratergård” to the monks of Esrum Manastery. The Church and “Fratergård” were removed after The Lutheran Reformation in 1536 and used to build Kronborg Castle in Elsinore. At right of “Økonomigården” is builded a new house at the Abbey Garden – Klosterhaven. Photo in direction north 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Abbey garden- Klosterhaven with herbals for food and medicine:

 

Abbey garden - Klosterhave with herbals for food and medicine. Building

Abbey Garden – Klosterhaven with herbals for food and medicine. New building from 1800 at right. In background at right the late Middle Age building “Økonomigården” builded 1300-1450. Photo in direction south 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Entrance to Esrum Monastery with “Økonimigård” builded 1300-1450 A.C.:

 

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Enteance to Esrum Monastery. In middle "Økonomigård builded 1300-1400 A.C.

Entrance to Esrum Monastery. In middle “Økonomigård” builded 1300-1400 A.C., at left newer house at Abbey Garden and at right a building from about 1800.

 

Entrance to Esrum Monastery – The “Økonomigård” builded 1300-1450 for daily living: dining hall, kitchen, pantry, stock of wines etc.:

In front : a “kagsten” for punishment after legal proceedings.

 

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Esrum Monastery. Økonimibygningen. At left a "Kagsten" used to punish people after legal proceedings. Phptp in direction south 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

Esrum Monastery. Økonimigårr builded 1300-1450 A.C..In front a “Kagsten” used to punish people after legal proceedings. Photo in direction south 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Indoor in “Økonomigård” builded 1300-1450 – today museum, exhibition halls, restaurant and lecture room:

 

Indood "Øknimigård". her the eastern pat builded1450

Indoor “Økonomigård”. Here the eastern part builded 1450. Today lecture room. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Indoor in “Økonomigård” – eastern part builded 1450 : The cellar room (Dining room for monks?) – today restaurant:

 

Indood i "Økonomigård" east part

Indoor in east part of “Økonomigård” builded 1450. The cellar. Dining room for monks. Today restaurant. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Alterpiece, Museum of Esrum Monastery:

 

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Alterpiece, Museum of Esrum Monastery. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

Alterpiece, Museum of Esrum Monastery. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Pilgrims from Esrum- and Sorø Monasteries to all Europe:

The queen´s pilgrims – conditions to monks of Esrum- and Sorø Monasteries by Queen Margrethe 1 of Denmark and Norway in 1411:

 

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The Pilgimage in North Sealand and Esrum Monastery.

The Pilgims from monk of Esrum- and Sorø Monasteries to all Europe. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Pilgrims from Esrum- and Sorø Monasteries to all Europe:

 

Pilgrims from Esrum- and Sorø Monasteries to all Europe. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik k

Pilgrims from Esrum- and Sorø Monasteries to all Europe. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K brahamsen.

 

The Pilgrim from Esrum – Peder Keller:

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PIlgrim. Plate in Museum Esrum Monastryr. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

The Pilgrim from Esrum: Peder Keller. Plate in Museum Esrum Monastryr. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

West of “Økonomigård” has this well been excavated:

Fratergård, Korsgang and well.

 

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Original well excavated in inner yard "Fratergård" which was the western part of Esrum Monastery Complex. Photo 12. may 20

Original well excavated in inner yard “Fratergård” which was the western part of Esrum Monastery Complex. Photo 12. may 20

 

Model of Esrum Monastery and its 3 buildings:

The Church at north, “Fratergård” with  a well at west and “Økonomigård” at east:

 

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Esrum Monastery with its 3 buildings: Church at north, Fratergårs with a well at west and Økonomigård at east. Photo 12. ma

Esrum Monastery with its 3 buildings: Church at north, Fratergård with a well at west and Økonomigård at east, all builded between 1151-1450. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Esrum Monastry and its “Økonomigård” builded late 1300 (western part) and 1450 (eastern part)  seen in direction east:

 

Esrum Monastery with its "Økonomi" building. View in direction east . Photo12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.Erik K Abrahamsen.

Esrum Monastery with its “Økonomi” building. Eastern part builded late 1300 and eastern part at right builded 1450. View in direction east . Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Esrum Monastery and Esrum Mill and Farm are located only 1 km north of Esrum Lake in  North Sealand, Denmark:

Esrum Lake seen from bureal mound Harehøj:

 

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Esrum Lake, North Sealand. Photo in direction west from Harehøj burial muond. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

Esrum Lake, North Sealand. Photo in direction west from Harehøj burial mound. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

You can reach Esrum Monastry by train/bike from Copenhagen to Hillerød, then change to local train to MAARUM station in Gribskov.

The distance rom Maarum station to Esrum Monastery is 4 km on main road nr. 205 in direction to Elsinore (Helsingør).

 

Map of North Sealand, Denmark:

 

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Map of North Sealand, Denmark. Photo a

Map of North Sealand, Denmark. Photo august 2013 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

From main road nr. 205 there is only 500 meter to Esrum Mastery and Møllegård:

 

Opposite the 500 m small road from main road nr. 205 to the Monastery you can walk on a small path 500 m to Esrum Lake:

 

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Main Road 205 between Helsinge and HElsinore. View in direction east to Esrum Lake at right. Photo 12. may 2016 by Eri

Main Road nr. 205 between Helsinge and Elsinore. View in direction east to Entrance to small path leading to Esrum Lake at right. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

View to Esrum Lake:

 

Esrum Lake and at right within the trees Esrum River

Esrum Lake and at right within the trees Esrum River. Photo in direction south 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Esrum River:

 

Esrum River and Esrum Lake at right. Photo in direction south to Esrum Lake 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

Esrum River and Esrum Lake at right. Photo in direction south to Esrum Lake 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Path from main road nr. 205 to north shore of Esrum Lake in forest Gribskov:

 

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P500 m path from main road nr. 205 to north shore of Esrum Lake in forest Grib skov.

At right the 500 m path from main road nr. 205 to north shore of Esrum Lake in forest Grib skov. Photo 12. may 2015 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Esrum River Bridge and former bargee House at north shore of Esrum Lake:

 

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Esrum Lake. Smal eroad passes Esrum River Bridge at north side of Esrum Lake. View in direction eat to Sølyst

Esrum Lake. Small road passes Esrum River Bridge at north shore of Esrum Lake. View in direction eat to former barge House “Sølyst” at right. Photo in direction east to Esrum Lake 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Esrum River Bridge at Esrum Lake.

Water regulation installation to regulate the water flow from Esrum Lake to Esrum river:

 

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Esrum River bridge with water emulation installation. View from north shore of Esrum Lake i direction north to Esrum Moellegaad in the background 1000 m away. Phot 12. may 2016 b Erik K Abr

Esrum River bridge with water regulation installation. View from north shore of Esrum Lake i direction north to Esrum Moellegaad in the background at right 1000 m away. Photo 12. may 2016  Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Esrum River Bridge at outflow of water from Esrum Lake med a water flow installation:

Esrum River flows 10-15 km north through Esrum Moellegaard and Esrum Monastery with 9 meter fall to Dronningmølle at Kattegat Sea:

 

Esrum River Bridge with water regulation installation. View in direction south to Esrum Lake. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen

Esrum River Bridge with water regulation installation. View in direction south to Esrum Lake. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Forest Gribskov west and north of Esrum Lake:

View from “Blue Port” at Søvej.
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Esrum Lake aand Gribskov Forest. View in direction south-west to Esrum Lake. Photo 12. may 2016 b

Esrum Lake aand Gribskov Forest. View from Søvej in direction south-east to Esrum Lake. Photo 12. may 2016 Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Søvej in north part of Gribskov forest:

2 danish national trees : oak and beech.

 

Søvej in Gribskov Forest. At right our national tree OAK and at right another national tee

Søvej in Gribskov Forest. At left our danish national tree OAK and at right another of our danish national tree BEECH. Photo 12. may 2016 by Erik K Abrahamsen.

 

Map of part of Gribskov Forest and Esrum Lake on the parking area at main road nr. 205:

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Plate of Gribskov forest and Esrum Lake on Parking area at main road nr. 205. Photo 12. may 2015 by Erik K Abrahasmen

Map of Gribskov Forest and Esrum Lake on Parking area at main road nr. 205. Photo 12. may 2015 by Erik K Abrahamsen

 

Map of Gribskov Forest and Esrum Lake:

 

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Map of Esrum Lake, Gribskoc. Esrum Moellegaard and farm and Esrum Monastery. Scanned from

Map of Esrum Lake, Gribskov. Esrum Moellegaard and farm and Esrum Monastery. Scanned may 2016 from folder”Gribskov-Esrum Sø. Vandreture i Statsskovene nr. 69″. Udgivet af Skov- go Naturstyrelsen, Miljøministeriet, 2000. Thanks to Skov- og Naturstyrelsen for use of this folder.

 

 

 

Text and photos Copyright Erik K Abrahamsen 2016

All rights reserved

 

 

Enjoy life – be happy!

 

Melby, North Sealand, Denmark the 15. may 2016

 

Best wishes

Erik

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